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5o                   HISTORY OF PERSIA                  CHAP.
the troops of Ibn Zobayr, plundered the city of the
Prophet for three days. Mecca was next attacked, and
in the course of a two months' siege the Kaaba was
burned. At this critical juncture news was received of
the death of Yezid, and the army in consequence with-
drew, leaving Ibn Zobayr for the time being securely in
possession of the Sacred City.
The Bokhara Campaign.—While the great events of
which we have taken notice were occurring at the centre
of the Moslem world, there was expansion, together with
confusion, disturbance, and internal discord, farther east
On his succession to the Caliphate Yexid appointed Salm
ibn Ziad to Khorasan. He found Bokhara in rebellion,
its Queen having offered her hand to the Turkish King
as the price of his assistance. Salm, aided by his general
Muhallab, whose connexion with Khorasan was intimate
and distinguished, defeated the combined armies, the
Queen was forced to sue for peace, and Salm returned in
triumph to Merv.
The Campaign of the Northern Beduin against tfa
Southern Beduin, A.H. 46-65 (666-685).—The East, and
more especially Khorasan, had been convulsed for many
years by feuds between the Arabs of the North and the
Arabs of the South which broke out in civil war* The
fighting had raged for a year without intermission when it
culminated in a victory gained at Herat by the Modhar,
or Arabs of the South, who inflicted a loss of 8000 killed
on the enemy. Other battles were fought and much
blood was shed, and all progress was necessarily brought
to a standstill by these dangerous jealousies,
The Divisions in the Caliphate^ A.H. 61-73 (680-692),
—The Caliphate after the death of Yezid was filled by
a ^ weakling boy who died in a few months, and Yezid's
kinsman Merwan, who was elected in his place, lived for
only a year. Abdul Malik, Merwan's son, succeeded him
and ruled for some years, with Ibn Zobayr holding the
Sacred Cities, Irak, and the East as a rival Caliph. The
situation was still further complicated by a certain
Mukhtar, who gained possession of Kufa as the agent of
Mohamed, son of the Caliph Ali, known from his mother